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Archaeologists were stunned by ‘remarkable’ ancient Roman find on UK soil | Science | News


Britain is well-known for its Roman history, the country having been conquered by the empire in 43 AD under Emperor Claudius. Remnants of the Romans’ time could be found scattered across the country, from Hadrian’s Wall in Brampton to the Temple of Mithras in London, Brading Roman Villa to the Verulamium Theatre in St Albans. While 2,000 years have passed since they first arrived, increasingly relics proceed to be found.

This included a shocking roundhouse unearthed within the grounds of Bamburgh Castle, Northumberland in 2020.

Archaeologists digging there found remnants that suggested the constructing can have once been as large as 65 feet (20 metres) in diameter, and certain belonged to a member of society of relative importance.

Excavators working at the positioning said the find could help make clear a bit known period of British history: the transition from Roman Britain to Anglo-Saxon England.

The roundhouse actually predates Bamburgh Castle, which is assumed to have first been in-built the sixth century, a minimum of 500 years after the Roman occupation of Britain ended.

Graeme Young, the project’s director, described it as a “remarkable find” and certainly one of the “most vital” made at the positioning.

He believes the roundhouse is a minimum of 2,000 years old.

A stone feature was found throughout the structure which had been destroyed during World War 1 after it was dug through and used as a latrine.

Nevertheless, the researchers consider it might have been a storage area contained in the roundhouse where animal hides were kept.

Mr Young noted the way it was by luck that the team stumbled upon the ruins, and explained: “It was sheer likelihood that we decided to dig that little bit further in the ultimate days of digging here on the castle, otherwise we might have missed it.

“To seek out a roundhouse within the north with such a well-preserved sequence of floor surfaces may be very rare, but what’s exciting is that it might help us fill the missing jigsaw pieces of continuity in Bamburgh’s history.”

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Mr Young told the Each day Mail: “There are an awful lot of periwinkle shells here which could be used as food however it is commonly used as bait for fishing and it is just not inconceivable that this constructing is used for fishing, we’re right next to the ocean in any case.”

Due to the roundhouse’s position — at the highest of a hill — Mr Young said only an important members of the nearby community would have been in a position to lay claim to such a vantage point.

He said: “I do not think that is the very top tier of society, but we’re contained in the hillfort as it could have been then so I’m guessing they’d have been reasonably vital.

“It’s an enormous house, so it’s either built for a specific purpose or it’s built for somebody who’s of sufficient status to have a big structure related to them.

“We do not really know [who would have lived here], but we have now a couple of clues!”

Bamburgh Castle was previously excavated within the Sixties, with researchers back then concluding that the positioning had been occupied for around 3,000 years.

The fresh roundhouse discovery allowed researchers to find out that the positioning is “effectively prehistoric”.

Mr Young said he didn’t consider it was sufficiently old to be from the Iron Age.

Quite, he suggested that it’s Romana-British — a part of the culture that got here consequently of Rome’s occupation and remained after it left.

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