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First color images from NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope to bereleased

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NASA is preparing to point out off what the James Webb Space Telescope is able to when the space agency releases the primary color images from the observatory before it begins scientific operations revealing the mysteries of the universe. 

After launching on Christmas morning, the telescope’s 6.5-meter mirror opened, and its tennis-court-size sunshield unfolded in space. The telescope is now stationed about 1 million miles from Earth and, after commissioning, is able to begin science observations a long time within the making. 

NASA, the European Space Agency and Canadian Space Agency plan to release the primary full-color images and spectroscopic data from the James Webb Space Telescope on Tuesday, July 12, at 10:30 a.m. ET. The reveal will air live online at NASA.gov and across the agency’s social media platforms.

Consider this a friendly warning that these rigorously planned cosmic images might be all over the place come Tuesday. 

Already, Webb’s imaging team has shared snippets of Webb’s abilities, indicating the approaching images might be something to discuss.

Consider this a friendly warning that these rigorously planned cosmic images might be all over the place come Tuesday. International Gemini Observatory/NOIRLab/NSF/AURA

The James Webb Space Telescope primary mirror illuminated in a dark cleanroomThe James Webb Space Telescope is now stationed about 1 million miles from Earth and, after commissioning, is able to begin science observations a long time within the making. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center

In April, the space agency and its telescope partners released the primary image taken after completing “positive phasing” aligning the Optical Telescope Element. 

Webb’s team didn’t select the star called 2MASS J17554042+655127 for any scientific reason, explained NASA Webb operations scientist Jane Rigby. Still, although the star was 100 times fainter than the sunshine a human eye could see, it was blindingly shiny to Webb and a testament to the telescope’s sensitivity.

Then in May, the Webb science team shared a picture of the Large Magellanic Cloud, a satellite galaxy of the Milky Way, used to check the telescope’s Mid-Infrared Instrument or MIRI. The image below shows the identical view taken by NASA’s now-retired Spitzer Space Telescope’s Infrared Array Camera after which by Webb’s MIRI. 

What looks like a teleporter from science fiction being draped over NASA's James Webb Space Telescope, is actually a After launching on Christmas morning, the telescope’s 6.5-meter mirror opened, and its tennis-court-size sunshield unfolded in space.

“Spitzer taught us loads, but that is like an entire recent world, just unbelievably beautiful,” Webb’s Near-Infrared Camera principal investigator Marcia Rieke said in May.

Ahead of the large reveal, NASA released a listing of the cosmic targets for Webb’s first images. Based on the space agency, the objects were chosen by a world committee with representatives from NASA, ESA, CSA and the Space Telescope Science Institute. 

The primary color images by James Webb Space Telescope include the most important and brightest nebulae within the universe, the Carina Nebula, positioned 7,600 light-years away, and WASP-96 b, a gas exoplanet about 1,150 light-years away from Earth. The Southern Ring Nebula, an expanding cloud of gas surrounding a dying star, may even be featured in JWST’s first data release. Finally, the compact galaxy group Stephan’s Quintet, positioned within the Pegasus constellation, and a galaxy cluster often known as SMACX 0723 will test the observatory’s deep field view capabilities. 

NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope sits in front of the door to Chamber A, a giant thermal vacuum chamber located at NASA’s Johnson Space Center.  The telescope will soon be moved into the chamber, where it will spend a hot Houston summer undergoing tests at sub-freezing cryogenic temperatures.  The telescope will operate below an extremely cold 50 K (-223° C or -370° F) in space, so NASA is simulating those conditions on the ground, ensuring the optics and instruments will perform perfectly after launch.The James Webb Space Telescope’s imaging team has shared snippets of Webb’s abilities, indicating the approaching images might be something to discuss.NASA Goddard Space Flight Center

JWST mission managers say the telescope has enough fuel to proceed operations for several a long time due to precise launch trajectory. Its predecessor, the Hubble Space Telescope, continues to operate after greater than 30 years in orbit about 300 miles above Earth. NASA astronauts conducted several spacewalks to repair a flaw in Hubble’s primary mirror after the primary images got here back blurry.

The James Webb Space Telescope observatory is about 1 million miles from Earth, meaning a repair mission can be out of the query. Thankfully, Webb’s first images got here back crystal clear.

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