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Here’s a take a look at what’s next after F.D.A. advisers voted to recommend Moderna’s vaccine for youngsters 6 to 17.

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An independent panel of experts advising the Food and Drug Administration voted on Tuesday on to recommend to the agency that Moderna’s coronavirus vaccine be authorized for youngsters and adolescents ages 6 to 17.

The panel’s suggestion was a key step as federal regulators weigh authorizing the vaccine for those children, nevertheless it will not be the ultimate say. The F.D.A., the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and state health departments all still have roles to play in deciding whether so as to add the Moderna vaccine as a licensed option for that age group, which may already receive the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine.

And applications from those two manufacturers are still pending for vaccines in younger children, who will not be yet eligible for either one. They’re being considered individually; the advisory panel is scheduled to make recommendations on them on Wednesday.

Listed below are the following steps for the Moderna application for youngsters and adolescents 6 to 17.

  • Because the agency inside the Department of Health and Human Services that supervises medications and related matters, the F.D.A. will consider the advisory panel’s suggestion. The agency often follows the advisory panel’s advice, nevertheless it is free to make changes or reject the suggestion outright.

  • Once the F.D.A. completes its review, it issues a determination.

  • If the F.D.A. authorizes the vaccine for youngsters and adolescents, one other advisory panel, this one arrange by the C.D.C., will review that call and vote on whether to recommend the vaccine’s use for that age group.

  • Once the panel has weighed in, the director of the C.D.C., Dr. Rochelle P. Walensky, issues the agency’s guidance to medical providers on whether and when to make use of the Moderna vaccine in children and adolescents.

  • Just like the F.D.A., the C.D.C. often follows the nonbinding recommendations of its advisory panel. But there have been exceptions: Last September, after the C.D.C. panel rejected the F.D.A.’s suggestion that frontline employees be included amongst those eligible for a Pfizer-BioNTech booster, Dr. Walensky overrode the C.D.C.’s advisers and sided with the F.D.A.

The C.D.C.’s guidance is deeply influential for state health departments, doctors, pharmacies, health care institutions and the general public. States generally follow the guidance, but can set their very own rules.

Once the F.D.A.’s expert panel issues its suggestion, the method can move quickly. When the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine was considered last yr to be used in adolescents 12 to fifteen, the F.D.A. authorized it on May 10, the C.D.C. panel weighed in two days later, and Dr. Walensky issued guidance swiftly after that. By May 13, shots were being administered to teenagers across the country.

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