For individuals who favor clean and straightforward marks for the beginning of something latest, America’s “running boom” began 50 years ago today, on Sept. 10, 1972, when Frank Shorter, a Yale graduate and law student on the University of Florida, won the marathon on the Munich Olympics.
The legend is that America was so taken with Shorter’s triumph that it collectively stubbed out its cigarettes, traded Budweisers for Nikes, and took to the streets in a jogging craze. Unnecessary, to say, that’s not exactly what happened, but Shorter’s triumph, the primary since 1908 by an American within the Olympic marathon, stays a signature moment in distance running in the US.
At 74, Shorter remains to be fit and still running, and after years of living within the running haven of Boulder, Colo., he has settled in one other running city, Falmouth, Mass. on Cape Cod, home of the famed Falmouth Road Race.
I caught up with Shorter by phone earlier this week. He was huffing as he talked and walked (strenuously, clearly) through one in all the Cape’s picturesque salt marshes, remembering that bittersweet day a half-century ago.
This conversation has been condensed and flippantly edited for length and clarity.
Do you’re thinking that of winning the gold medal on the Olympics each day? I do know I might.
Not each day. I kept going after Munich. I made a decision I might attempt to earn my living not necessarily by doing the game, because there have been rules about amateurism in those days, but by being as near it as possible. I began ancillary businesses and helped open up the game to prize money after which did all my work with the US Anti-Doping Agency.
The thought on the time was you win the Olympics, you sign with William Morris, do some ads after which retire. We were expected to go on and do something with the remainder of our lives. I made a decision I desired to run in one other Olympics. I finished law school after which used running to make a living.
Did you ever practice law?
Oh, no. I actually started off in medical school and dropped out when I spotted I had a probability to make the Olympic team. The dean wouldn’t let me change my courseload so I could get some sleep to coach. I moved to Florida to coach with Jack Bacheler, who was the perfect on the time, and I spotted that in college, running was my stress relief, it was my reward if I got stuff done. In Florida I spotted I couldn’t just train, so I made a decision to go to law school. Law school actually became the relief from understanding and running. It was a paradigm shift. I ran 20 miles a day and went to law school.
I believe you might be the primary person to explain law school as a stress relief.
I’d take a category first period, go to the track, run nine miles, showered, was three minutes late for my next class, after which I ran again within the afternoon. With just 3 to 4 hours between workouts, I believe that helped me learn how you can get better during long races.
Your win in Munich got here just days after terrorists stormed the Olympic Village and ultimately killed 11 Israeli athletes and one German policeman. How did that affect your Olympic experience?
I used to be rooming with Dave Wottle, and we found out how you can sneak his wife into the Olympic Village, so I gave them the room and was sleeping on a mattress on the balcony. I heard the shots. It was 4 a.m. I woke up and I believed, “that isn’t a door slamming.” From my balcony, we saw the guy within the hood. We could see the Israeli balcony from ours.
We were so naïve. They might have sprayed us with bullets at any moment. After they killed the athletes, we thought we were going home. The marathon got delayed a day. I told Kenny Moore, who ended up coming in fourth, that I used to be not going to take into consideration terrorists as I ran because if I did that then they win. The entire time I didn’t give it some thought. Not even that day, or on the awards ceremony. My feeling was that you need to concentrate on that over which you’ve got some control.
When did all of it sink in?
It took some time after. It was crazy for me even before the terrorist attack, just being there and walking across the village.
Did you’re thinking that you had a probability to win the marathon?
I used to be ready and I had a method and focused on the strategy, to surge earlier within the race than people might expect, at nine miles, and get a lead because there have been so many turns that after you bought 200 meters ahead you were out of sight. I ran a 4:33 mile at that time, I believe.
At 20 miles a coach told me I had a 90 second lead. I did the mathematics. If I run five-minute miles, someone would must average 4:48 to have a probability to catch me.
Where did you get the arrogance that you might surge so early and hang on?
I used to be good at surging. I could undergo the 5-kilometer mark of a 10-kilometer race with an excellent lead. I won the Fukuoka Marathon in Japan in 1971 surging at 15 miles. I did interval training that simulated surging. I used to be self-coached. I worked on my strengths.
So did you begin the running boom?
I used to be a chunk within the puzzle. I wanted to point out we could possibly be distance runners. Americans weren’t considered endurance people. But you furthermore may had Ken Cooper who had published the book “Aerobics.” Jim Fixx wrote a terrific book. I used to be an early supporter of Cooper.
Bill Rodgers, someone I had run against in college, watched me run in 1972 and supposedly took one last puff on his cigarette, and said, “I can do this.” Then people began the running groups after which the ladies really took over. I used to be a component of it.
Do you continue to run?
Oh, yeah. I’m just walking today, but yesterday I ran, 4 or five miles. I jog-walk sometimes. I spin on the bike. I do a variety of core work and weight training. I probably spend more time understanding now than I did before the Olympics. I train about two hours a day now. Back then, it didn’t take me very long to run 20 miles. There are only certain individuals who love a certain form of motion or sport and want to do it for a specific amount of time each day.