“Roe’s defenders characterize the abortion right as just like the rights recognized in past decisions involving matters reminiscent of intimate sexual relations, contraception and marriage,” Justice Alito wrote, “but abortion is fundamentally different, as each Roe and Casey acknowledged, since it destroys what those decisions called ‘fetal life’ and what the law now before us describes as an ‘unborn human being.’”
Justice Alito surveyed the precedents cited by Roe and Casey to justify their protection of abortion. They included ones on interracial marriage, the right of prisoners to marry, the right to live with relatives, the right to make decisions concerning the education of 1’s children and the right to not be sterilized without consent.
He also cited two “post-Casey decisions,” Obergefell and Lawrence v. Texas in 2003, which struck down a Texas law that made gay sex against the law.
Justice Alito, a careful draftsman, then seemed to differentiate between the 2 sets of choices.
“Not one of the other decisions cited by Roe and Casey involved the critical moral query posed by abortion,” he wrote. “They’re subsequently inapposite. They don’t support the best to acquire an abortion, and by the identical token, our conclusion that the Structure doesn’t confer such a right doesn’t undermine them in any way.”
Tellingly, perhaps, that passage within the draft opinion was silent on whether its conclusion undermined the 2 post-Casey decisions on gay rights.
Basically, Justice Alito wrote that he was wary of “attempts to justify abortion through appeals to a broader right to autonomy,” saying that “could license fundamental rights to illicit drug use, prostitution and the like.”
The State of Roe v. Wade
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What’s Roe v. Wade? Roe v. Wade is a landmark Supreme court decision that legalized abortion across the USA. The 7-2 ruling was announced on Jan. 22, 1973. Justice Harry A. Blackmun, a modest Midwestern Republican and a defender of the best to abortion, wrote the bulk opinion.
What was the case about? The ruling struck down laws in lots of states that had barred abortion, declaring that they may not ban the procedure before the purpose at which a fetus can survive outside the womb. That time, referred to as fetal viability, was around 28 weeks when Roe was decided. Today, most experts estimate it to be about 23 or 24 weeks.
What else did the case do? Roe v. Wade created a framework to control abortion regulation based on the trimesters of pregnancy. In the primary trimester, it allowed almost no regulations. Within the second, it allowed regulations to guard women’s health. Within the third, it allowed states to ban abortions as long as exceptions were made to guard the life and health of the mother. In 1992, the court tossed that framework, while affirming Roe’s essential holding.
“None of those rights has any claim to being deeply rooted in history,” he added, some extent that may very well be made about same-sex marriage, too.