ANCHORAGE — The race began, fittingly, within the spring season known here as breakup.
As sheets of ice cracked into pieces across the rivers, melting snow exposed the gravel and mud on roads, and preparations began for hunting and fishing, dozens of congressional campaigns were springing to life with barely a number of days of planning. Candidates held solemn conversations with their families, advisers swiftly secured website domains and the endorsements and donations began flooding in.
The unexpected death in March of Representative Don Young, the Republican who represented Alaska’s sole congressional district for nearly half a century, has given rise to a crowded and raucous race to succeed him. No fewer than 4 dozen Alaskans — political veterans, gadflies, and even a person legally named Santa Claus — are running to succeed Mr. Young because the lone representative within the House for the state’s 734,000 people.
The list of candidates is sprawling. It includes former Gov. Sarah Palin, who’s endorsed by former President Donald J. Trump; Nick Begich III, whose grandfather held the seat before Mr. Young; 4 Alaska Natives, including one, Tara Sweeney, who served within the Trump administration; Jeff Lowenfels, a retired lawyer and a prolific local gardening columnist; and Mr. Claus, a portly, bearded North Pole councilman and socialist.
“That’s a variety of people to do research on and work out,” said Morgan Johnson, 25, as her black cat, Edgar, prowled across the counter of her plant shop in Juneau. “I get stuck on one person’s Instagram for an hour — now I actually have to do this for 48 people.”
Further complicating the image, 4 separate elections in five months will determine Mr. Young’s successor. First, the throng of candidates will compete in a primary contest on June 11. The highest 4 finishers will then advance in August to a special election to finish the rest of Mr. Young’s term. That very same August day, the candidates who decide to achieve this will compete in one more primary to find out which 4 advance to the overall election. And eventually in November, voters will select a winner to be sworn in in January 2023.
The sheer volume of candidates owes partly to a recent electoral system in Alaska, which opens primaries to all comers, no matter political affiliation. Under the principles, voters can select one candidate, and the 4 who draw probably the most votes then compete in a runoff of sorts, by which voters then rank their decisions. The preferences are counted until someone secures a majority.
State officials and advocacy groups are rushing to tug off the rapid-fire contests and be certain that voters understand how the brand new rules work.
“We’re compressing all the things that typically is finished in about seven months in 90 days,” said Gail Fenumiai, Alaska’s director of elections, who said her team would mail and process greater than 586,000 ballots. “There’s a major amount of labor involved.”
State officials decided to carry the special election by mail, partly because there was not enough time for the obligatory hiring and training of greater than 2,000 recent election staff, in addition to testing and sending election equipment across the state. A ballot was rigorously designed to suit all of the names on one side of paper, with the primary ones sent out lower than six weeks after Mr. Young died.
Candidates have also had little time to construct a campaign that stands out or crisscross a mountainous state where villages and towns are sometimes accessible only by plane or ferry.
“While you’re vying for a limited set of first-round votes, you’ve to work out the way to put yourself forward in a way that folks will hear it and resonate with it,” said Christopher Constant, an Anchorage assemblyman and Democrat who announced his intent to challenge Mr. Young in February.
The broad field has roiled the close-knit political circles here, pitting longtime colleagues and friends against each other.
“This seat has been held for 49 years by one guy, and individuals are just hungry to have a special voice in Congress, and so they think that they’ll add to it,” said John Coghill, a former state senator who’s among the many candidates.
It has also cracked the door open for a series of history-making bids, including 4 candidates who can be the primary Alaska Native to represent a state where greater than 15 percent of the population identifies as Indigenous.
“It’s gone time that an Indigenous person was sent to D.C. to work on behalf of Alaska,” Mary Peltola, a Democrat who spent a decade within the state Legislature and is Yup’ik, said in an interview in Anchorage.
Ms. Peltola is among the many candidates who’ve gone to great lengths to spotlight a private connection or appreciation for Mr. Young.
The fiercest competition is contained in the Republican Party, where younger conservatives who had waited their entire lives in Mr. Young’s shadow are contending for the mantle of his successor. The filing deadline was on April 1, two weeks after Mr. Young died, meaning that candidates had to make your mind up whether to run before funeral services for the congressman had concluded.
“It stunned the whole state, after which having to work out what this recent reality was going to appear to be and what processes were in front of Alaskans with respect to this emptiness — it’s been exhausting,” said Ms. Sweeney, a co-chair of Mr. Young’s campaign and now a candidate for his seat.
Ms. Sweeney, who’s Inupiaq and the primary Alaska Native woman to function assistant secretary for Indian Affairs, has emerged as a number one contender for Republicans, with top Alaska Native-owned corporations banding together to back her campaign.
Mr. Begich, a conservative whose grandfather of the identical name held the seat as a Democrat until his disappearance in a plane crash in 1972, angered many in Mr. Young’s inner circle by jumping into the race in October as a challenger, dangling what they saw as insinuations that the congressman was too old.
The chosen candidate of the state Republican Party, Mr. Begich has disavowed the $1 trillion infrastructure bill Mr. Young proudly championed and the congressman’s penchant for earmarking federal dollars for Alaska.
“For too long, the formula in Alaska has been to sacrifice the nice of the nation for the nice of the state, and I don’t think that that’s a formula that we must be practicing going forward,” Mr. Begich said in an interview.
Mr. Young’s allies have gravitated toward less conservative candidates.
Those include Ms. Sweeney and Josh Revak, a state senator and an Iraq war veteran who secured a coveted endorsement from Mr. Young’s widow, Anne.
“It was a extremely difficult alternative, but when he believed in me and others consider in me, that I actually have the center and the work ethic and the experience to do the job, then I’ll walk through fire to do it,” Mr. Revak, wearing an ivory bolo tie with the Alaska Senate seal and his Purple Heart pin, said after a recent fund-raiser at an Anchorage home.
Ms. Palin’s late entry into the race — and Mr. Trump’s near-immediate endorsement of her — has further scrambled the political picture. As a former governor and vice-presidential candidate, Ms. Palin, whose campaign didn’t reply to requests for an interview, easily has the strongest name recognition in the sector of candidates.
But she has also turn into a frequent goal for candidates in each parties, as her rivals seek to weaponize her visibility in national headlines, stoke the lingering discontent within the state about her abrupt decision to go away the governor’s mansion in 2009 and woo the hundreds of voters who’ve moved to Alaska since.
At a recent event at an airplane hangar in Juneau, Mr. Begich jumped at the chance to poke fun at Ms. Palin.
“I take it you’re not going to be on the ‘The Masked Singer,’” one woman remarked to him, as the handfuls of individuals gathered chuckled.
“I don’t have a pink bear costume,” Mr. Begich replied, referring to Ms. Palin’s 2020 appearance on the truth show.
Most observers here consider that Mr. Young’s seat is more likely to remain in Republican hands given the state’s conservative slant, but the brand new ranked-choice system, which tends to advantage candidates in the middle, could upend the standard wisdom.
It could, as an illustration, help Al Gross, an independent who unsuccessfully challenged Senator Dan Sullivan, a Republican, in 2020. Mr. Gross gained each national attention and a few local derision with a viral campaign ad that dubbed him “Alaska’s own bear doctor.”
“Actually this campaign isn’t about bears, and it’s about Alaska,” Mr. Gross, a former orthopedic surgeon, said in an interview.
Unlike in 2020, when the Senate Democratic campaign arm endorsed him, he vowed to rebuff financial support from any major political party and said he planned to hitch the Problem Solvers Caucus, a bipartisan group, should he win.
The Alaska Democratic Party has taken aim at him, calling Mr. Gross a “proven loser.”
Republicans have also unleashed a torrent of Christmas-themed attacks against Mr. Claus, an indication that there may be a minimum of some concern that the mixture of his name recognition and his professed “affinity for Bernie Sanders” could help him prevail in a ranked-choice election. (Mr. Claus, who modified his name nearly 20 years ago, often wears red robes of the monk’s order of which he’s a member and plans to hitch the Congressional Cannabis Caucus if elected.)
“Whoever winds up on this special for that term, for the rest of Don Young’s term, must be concentrating on representing all Alaskans then and there, not running for extra time in office and never spending time raising money or campaigning,” Mr. Claus said, adding that he was searching for only to complete Mr. Young’s term this 12 months.
Citing concerns concerning the pandemic, Mr. Claus said he was limiting his in-person campaigning and soliciting electoral support virtually from his perch as a North Pole councilman.
But, he added, “I’m taking it seriously.”