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Jan. 6 Panel Will Turn Over Evidence on Fake Electors to the Justice Dept.

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WASHINGTON — The Justice Department has asked the House committee investigating the Jan. 6 attack on the Capitol for evidence it has gathered concerning the scheme by former President Donald J. Trump and his allies to recommend false slates of pro-Trump electors in battleground states won by Joseph R. Biden Jr. in 2020.

Representative Bennie Thompson, Democrat of Mississippi and the chairman of the committee, disclosed the request to reporters on Capitol Hill on Wednesday, and an individual acquainted with the panel’s work said discussions with the Justice Department concerning the false elector scheme were ongoing. Those talks suggest that the department is sharpening its concentrate on that aspect of Mr. Trump’s efforts to overturn the election, one with a direct line to the previous president.

Mr. Thompson said the committee was working with federal prosecutors to permit them to review the transcripts of interviews the panel has done with individuals who served as so-called alternate electors for Mr. Trump. Mr. Thompson said the Justice Department’s investigation into “fraudulent electors” was the one specific topic the agency had broached with the committee.

A Justice Department official said the agency maintained its position that it was requesting copies of all transcripts of witness interviews.

For weeks, the Justice Department has been negotiating with the Jan. 6 panel about turning over transcripts of its interviews to federal prosecutors. The agency has asked the committee for copies of each transcript of every of its greater than 1,000 interviews, while the committee has pushed back, requesting that the department narrow its request.

Mr. Thompson’s comments Wednesday were the clearest indication yet of what the Justice Department is searching for.

“We’re within the strategy of negotiating how that information can be viewed,” Mr. Thompson said, adding that he believed Justice Department officials would make an appointment with the committee to review the transcripts in person. “We’re engaging.”

The Justice Department has been investigating the scheme to recommend fake electors for months and has issued subpoenas to top Trump lawyers who worked on the plan.

The committee presented evidence that Mr. Trump sought to influence lawmakers in battleground states won by Mr. Biden to create the slates of alternate electors supporting him, hoping that Vice President Mike Pence would use them to subvert the traditional democratic process when he oversaw Congress’s official count of electoral votes on Jan. 6.

Key Revelations From the Jan. 6 Hearings

The plan appears to have been set in motion just days after the election, when a pro-Trump lawyer, Cleta Mitchell, sent an email suggesting the concept to John Eastman, one other lawyer near Mr. Trump.

By Nov. 18, 2020, one other pro-Trump lawyer, Kenneth Chesebro, had joined the hassle, writing a memo suggesting that the Trump campaign should organize its allies in several swing states to draft fake slates of electors. Around Thanksgiving, still others signed on to the plan, including Rudolph W. Giuliani, Mr. Trump’s personal lawyer, and Mark Meadows, the White House chief of staff, in accordance with a recorded deposition from Cassidy Hutchinson, an aide to Mr. Meadows.

Eventually, the Republican National Committee was brought in as well, Ronna McDaniel, the group’s chairwoman, said in a recorded deposition played at a hearing last month.

Ms. McDaniel testified that Mr. Trump had called her and put Mr. Eastman on the phone “to speak concerning the importance of the R.N.C. helping the campaign gather these contingent electors.”

All of this was allowed to go forward, the committee said, despite the incontrovertible fact that several lawyers for the Trump campaign believed it was illegal.

The committee has also gathered evidence concerning the scheme from the so-called alternate electors themselves, issuing subpoenas to greater than a dozen of them. A few of those that received subpoenas, including electors from Georgia, have complied and sat for interviews with the panel.

The interest within the fake elector scheme got here because the committee has referred one other matter to the Justice Department, regarding Mr. Trump’s potential interference with witnesses.

In recent weeks, the panel learned that two people called Ms. Hutchinson in what she characterised as an try to influence her testimony. Then, the committee revealed on Tuesday, Mr. Trump personally called a witness — though he didn’t reach the person, who notified their lawyer — prompting the panel to refer the matter to the Justice Department.

“It’s highly unusual,” Mr. Thompson told reporters on Capitol Hill on Wednesday. “That’s why we, kind of, put that within the hands of the Justice Department.”

Senator Mitt Romney, Republican of Utah, said some Republicans had tried to dismiss the matter by suggesting that Mr. Trump might need unintentionally dialed the witness.

“But when the previous president was attempting to interfere with a witness, that may be, obviously, a really serious allegation,” said Mr. Romney, who voted last yr to convict Mr. Trump on the impeachment charge of incitement of revolt and take away him after the Jan. 6 attack.

The committee’s concentrate on potential witness tampering by Mr. Trump appears to be an effort to prod the Justice Department to analyze the previous president for potential crimes. At each of its recent hearings, the panel has presented evidence that its members imagine could possibly be used to bolster criminal charges against Mr. Trump. The committee has provided details, including concerning the fake electors, that could possibly be grounds for charges of conspiracy to defraud the American people, falsifying documents and obstructing an official proceeding of Congress.

Witness tampering could be yet one more avenue for prosecuting the previous president. Mr. Trump has a protracted history of creating statements or taking actions that will be read as efforts to interfere with ongoing investigations targeting him.

In April 2018, he called his former personal lawyer, Michael D. Cohen, shortly after Mr. Cohen’s apartment, office and hotel room were searched by the F.B.I. and urged him to remain strong, an individual with knowledge of the decision said.

He also made statements — in public and on Twitter — that Robert S. Mueller III, the special counsel investigating a possible conspiracy between the Mr. Trump’s campaign and Russian officials, considered possible acts of obstruction of justice. Those included posts on Twitter asserting that Mr. Cohen would never activate him after Mr. Cohen was clearly under investigation.

Mr. Mueller’s team, citing a Justice Department view that sitting presidents can’t be indicted, ultimately didn’t state whether it believed Mr. Trump had obstructed justice within the 11 instances it examined, as a substitute laying them out extensively within the 448-page report it issued.

Maggie Haberman, Emily Cochrane and Glenn Thrush contributed reporting.

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