Lamont Dozier, the prolific songwriter and producer who was crucial to the success of Motown Records as one-third of the Holland-Dozier-Holland team, died on Tuesday. He was 81.
A spokeswoman for the Motown Museum in Detroit confirmed his death. She didn’t say where he died or specify a cause.
In collaboration with the brothers Brian and Eddie Holland, Mr. Dozier wrote songs for dozens of musical acts, however the trio worked most frequently with Martha and the Vandellas (“Jimmy Mack”), the 4 Tops (“Bernadette”) and particularly the Supremes (“You Can’t Hurry Love”). Between 1963 and 1972, the Holland-Dozier-Holland team was answerable for greater than 80 singles that hit the Top 40 of the pop or R&B charts, including 15 songs that reached No. 1. “It was as if we were playing the lottery and winning each time,” Mr. Dozier wrote in his autobiography, “How Sweet It Is” (2019, written with Scott B. Bomar).
Nelson George, in his 1985 history of Motown, “Where Did Our Love Go?” (named after one other Holland-Dozier-Holland hit), described how the youthful trio had won over the label’s more experienced staff and musicians. “These kids,” he wrote, “had an actual insight into the taste of the buying public” and possessed “an innate gift for melody, a feel for story song lyrics, and a capability to create the recurring vocal and instrumental licks referred to as ‘hooks.’”
“Brian, Eddie and Lamont loved what they were doing,” Mr. George added, “and worked across the clock, making music like old man Ford made cars.”
In his memoir, Mr. Dozier concurred: “We considered H.D.H. as a factory inside a factory.”
Lamont Herbert Dozier — he was named after Lamont Cranston, the lead character within the radio serial “The Shadow” — was born on June 16, 1941, in Detroit the oldest of 5 children of Willie Lee and Ethel Jeannette (Waters) Dozier. His mother largely raised the family, earning a living as a cook and housekeeper; his father worked at a gas station but had trouble keeping a job, perhaps because he suffered from chronic back pain because of this of a World War II injury (he fell off a truck).
When Mr. Dozier was 5, his father took him to a concert featuring Count Basie, Nat King Cole and Ella Fitzgerald. While the music excited the young boy, he was also impressed by the audience’s ecstatic response, and resolved that he would make people feel good in the identical way.
As a highschool student, Mr. Dozier wrote songs, cutting up grocery bags so he would have paper for the lyrics, and formed the Romeos, an interracial doo-wop group. When the Romeos’ song “High-quality High-quality Baby” was released by Atco Records, a subsidiary of Atlantic, in 1957, Mr. Dozier dropped out of highschool at age 16, anticipating stardom. But when Atlantic’s Jerry Wexler wanted a second single, Mr. Dozier overplayed his hand, saying the group would only make a full-length LP. He received a letter wishing him well and dropping the Romeos from the label.
After the Romeos broke up, Mr. Dozier auditioned for Anna Records, a latest label called founded by Billy Davis and the sisters Anna and Gwen Gordy; he was slotted into a bunch called the Voice Masters and hired as a custodian. In 1961, billed as Lamont Anthony, he released his first solo single, “Let’s Talk It Over” — but he preferred the flip side, “Popeye,” a song he wrote. “Popeye,” which featured a young Marvin Gaye on drums, became a regional hit until it was squelched by King Features, owners of the cartoon and comic-strip character Popeye.
After Anna Records folded in 1961, Mr. Dozier received a phone call from Berry Gordy Jr., brother of Anna and Gwen, offering him a job as a songwriter at his latest label, Motown, with a salary of $25 per week as an advance against royalties. Mr. Dozier began collaborating with the young songwriter Brian Holland.
“It was like Brian and I could complete each other’s musical ideas the best way certain people can finish each other’s sentences,” Mr. Dozier wrote in his memoir. “I noticed instantly that we shared a secret language of creativity.”
They were soon joined by Brian’s older brother Eddie, who specialized in lyrics, and started writing songs together — although hardly with all three parties in the identical room. Mr. Dozier and Brian Holland would write the music and supervise an instrumental recording session with the Motown house band; Eddie Holland would then write lyrics to the track. When it got here time to record vocals, Eddie Holland would guide the lead singer and Mr. Dozier would coach the backing vocalists.
In his memoir, Mr. Dozier summed it up: “Brian was all music, Eddie was all lyrics, and I used to be the concept man who bridged each.”
Sometimes he would have an idea for a song’s feel: He wrote the 4 Tops’ “Reach Out I’ll Be There” excited about Bob Dylan’s phrasing on “Like a Rolling Stone.” Sometimes he concocted an attention-grabbing gimmick, just like the staccato guitars initially of the Supremes’ “You Keep Me Hangin’ On” that evoked a radio news broadcast.
And sometimes Mr. Dozier uttered a real-life sentence that worked in song, as he did one night when he was in a Detroit motel with a girlfriend and a special girlfriend began pounding on the door. He pleaded with the interloper, “Stop, within the name of affection” — after which realized the potency of what he had said. The Holland-Dozier-Holland team quickly hammered the sentence right into a three-minute single, the Supremes’ “Stop! Within the Name of Love.”
In 1965, Mr. Gordy circulated an audacious memo to Motown staffers that read partially: “We’ll release nothing lower than Top Ten product on any artist; and since the Supremes’ worldwide acceptance is bigger than other artists, on them we are going to release only #1 records.” Holland-Dozier-Holland stepped up: While they didn’t hit the highest each time with the Supremes, they wrote and produced an astonishing 10 No. 1 hits for the group.
“I accepted that an artist profession just wasn’t within the cards for me at Motown,” Mr. Dozier wrote in 2019. “I still wanted it, but I used to be continually being bombarded with the demand for more songs and more productions for the growing roster of artists.”
When Marvin Gaye, who had turned himself from a drummer right into a singing star, needed to record some material before he went on an prolonged tour, Mr. Dozier reluctantly surrendered a song he had been saving to relaunch his own profession as an artist: “How Sweet It Is (To Be Loved by You).” Mr. Gaye showed up for the session along with his golf clubs, late and unprepared, and nailed the song in a single perfect take.
Mr. Dozier and the Holland brothers left Motown in 1967, at the height of their success, in a dispute over money and ownership, and began two labels of their very own. “Holland-Dozier-Holland left and the sound was gone,” Mary Wilson of the Supremes lamented to The Washington Post in 1986.
Mr. Dozier wrote some more hits with the Hollands (many credited to the collective pseudonym Edythe Wayne due to ongoing legal disputes with Motown) and struck out on his own in 1973, resuming his singing profession.
He released a dozen solo albums across the years, but without achieving stardom as a singer; he had essentially the most chart success in 1974, most notably with the song “Attempting to Hold On to My Woman.” One in all his songs, “Fish Ain’t Bitin’,” with lyrics urging Richard Nixon to resign, became a minor hit when his label publicized a letter it had received from the White House asking it to stop promoting the song.
Mr. Dozier had greater success collaborating with other artists within the Eighties, writing songs with Eric Clapton, the Simply Red frontman Mick Hucknall (who puckishly released “Infidelity” with the credit “Hucknall-Dozier-Hucknall”) and Phil Collins, who hit No. 1 in 1989 with their song “Two Hearts.”
Information on survivors was not immediately available.
Mr. Dozier served as an artist-in-residence professor on the University of Southern California’s Thornton School of Music and as chairman of the board of the National Academy of Songwriters, imparting his hard-won wisdom to younger writers.
“All the time put the song ahead of your ego,” he wrote in his memoir. And he revealed the key to his relentless productivity: “Author’s block only exists in your mind, and when you let yourself have it, it can cripple your ability to operate as a creative person. The reply to so-called author’s block is doing the work.”
Jenny Gross contributed reporting.