There’s a recent fastest computer on the planet – and it’s so quick that it requires a recent word to explain it.
The Frontier system on the US Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory is now the fastest computer on the Top500 list, which ranks essentially the most powerful on the planet.
The supercomputer just isn’t only the fastest on the planet, but easily so. It’s so powerful that it is quicker than all of the subsequent seven supercomputers in that rating, combined.
In addition to top rating on the Top500 list, Frontier also took the highest spot on the Green500 list, which ranks supercomputing systems based on how efficient they’re. Its energy efficiency is achieved partially through its liquid cooling – which requires pumping 6,000 gallons of water through the system each minute.
It also brings the crown back to the US, from Japan. The record has been held for 2 years by the Fugaku system on the RIKEN Center for Computational Science (R-CCS) in Kobe, Japan, but that has now been dropped to number two.
The Frontier computer just isn’t only essentially the most powerful one in existence, but the primary to interrupt through the “exaflop ceiling”, and develop into the primary “exascale” machine. Exaflop or exascale computing refers to those which are in a position to do 1018 operations in a single second.
(A flop is a measure of computer performance, and is brief for floating point operations per second. “Exa” is the prefix for the primary after which 18 zeroes – an exasecond, as an example, is comparable to 32 billion years.)
In theory, the previous record holder Fugaku was in a position to work at greater than 1 exaflop, too. Nevertheless it was unable to display that in practical tests – and Frontier has a theoretical maximum of greater than 2 exaflops.
China can also be thought to have potentially developed two exaflop systems of its own, but has not submitted them to the Top500 committee for official recognition due to geopolitical tensions.
Researchers will have the ability to begin using the supercomputer fully from later this 12 months.
Frontier is made up of 74 cabinets, each of which weighs 8,000 kilos. The Oak Ridge National Laboratory noted that it had been in a position to put it together in the course of the pandemic, which added extra challenges to the already significant difficulties of putting in those cabinets, which together require 90 miles of networking cables to link together, as an example.