Olivia Newton-John, who sang a few of the biggest hits of the Seventies and ’80s while recasting her image because the virginal girl round the corner right into a spandex-clad vixen — a change reflected in miniature by her starring role in “Grease,” one of the vital popular movie musicals of its era — died on Monday at her ranch in Southern California. She was 73.
The death was announced by her husband, John Easterling. She had lived with a breast cancer diagnosis since 1992 and in 2017 announced that the cancer had returned and spread. For years she was a outstanding advocate for cancer research, starting a foundation in her name to support it and opening a research and wellness center in metropolitan Melbourne, Australia. English-born, she grew up in Australia.
Ms. Newton-John amassed No. 1 hits, chart-topping albums and 4 records that sold greater than two million copies each. Greater than the rest, she was likable, even beloved.
In the sooner phase of her profession, Ms. Newton-John beguiled listeners with a high, supple, vibrato-warmed voice that paired amiably with the sort of swooning middle-of-the-road pop that, within the mid-Seventies, often passed for country music.
Her performance on the charts made that blurring clear. She scored seven Top 10 hits on Billboard’s Country chart, two of which became back-to-back overall No. 1 hits in 1974 and ’75. First got here “I Truthfully Love You,” an earnest declaration co-written by Peter Allen and Jeff Barry, followed by “Have You Never Been Mellow,” a feather of a song written by the producer of a lot of her biggest albums, John Farrar.
“I Truthfully Love You” also won two of the singer’s 4 Grammys, for record of the yr and best female pop vocal performance.
The mix of Ms. Newton-John’s consistently benign music — she was never a favourite of critics — and shapely but squeaky-clean image caused many writers to check her to earlier blond ingénues like Doris Day and Sandra Dee. “Innocent, I’m not,” Ms. Newton-John told Rolling Stone in 1978. “People still appear to see me because the girl round the corner. Doris Day had 4 husbands,” she said, yet she was still viewed as “the virgin.”
An entry into movies in 1978 aimed to place the singer’s chaste image behind her, starting with “Grease.” Her character, Sandy, transformed from a pigtailed square smitten with John Travolta’s bad-boy Danny to a gum-smacking bad girl. “Grease” became certainly one of the best grossing movie musicals ever, besting even “The Sound of Music.” Its soundtrack was the second best-selling album of the yr, beaten only by the soundtrack for “Saturday Night Fever,” which also starred Mr. Travolta.
The “Grease” soundtrack spawned two No. 1 hits, each sung by the co-stars, including the manically lusty “You’re the One That I Want” and the doo-wop romp “Summer Nights.” A ballad Ms. Newton-John sang alone, “Hopelessly Dedicated to You,” earned the film’s lone Oscar nomination, for best song.
Applying the evolution of her “Grease” character to her singing profession, Ms. Newton-John titled her next album “Totally Hot,” and presented herself on the duvet in shoulder-to-toe leather. The album, released at the top of 1978, went platinum, yielding the rock-oriented “A Little More Love” with the road, “Where did my innocence go?”
The album featured Ms. Newton-John singing in a somewhat more forceful voice. Though her sales dipped because the Seventies changed into the ’80s, by early in the last decade she began probably the most commercially potent period in her profession, peaking with the only “Physical,” which spent 10 weeks on Billboard’s top perch. Later, the magazine declared it to be the largest song of the Eighties.
Olivia Newton-John was born on Sept. 26, 1948, in Cambridge, England, the youngest of three children of Brinley and Irene (Born) Newton-John. Her mother was the daughter of the Nobel Prize-winning physicist Max Born. Her Welsh-born father had been an MI5 intelligence officer during World War II and afterward served as headmaster at Cambridgeshire High School for Boys.
When Ms. Newton-John was 6, her family immigrated to Melbourne, Australia, where her father worked as a school professor and administrator. At 14, she formed her first group, Sol 4, with three girls from school. Her beauty and confidence soon earned her solo performances on local radio and TV shows under the name “Lovely Livvy.” On “The Go!! Show” she met the singer Pat Carroll, with whom she would form a duet, in addition to her eventual producer, Mr. Farrar, who later married Ms. Carroll.
Ms. Newton-John won an area TV talent contest whose prize was a visit to Britain. While tarrying there, she recorded her first single, “’Til You Say You’ll Be Mine,” which Decca Records released in 1966.
After Ms. Carroll moved to London, she and Ms. Newton-John formed the duet Pat and Olivia, which toured Europe. When Ms. Carroll’s visa expired, forcing her to return to Australia, Ms. Newton-John stayed in London to work solo.
In 1970, she was asked to hitch a crudely manufactured group named Toomorrow, formed by the American producer Don Kirshner in an try and repeat his earlier success with the Monkees. Following his grand design, the group starred in a science-fiction film written for them and recorded its soundtrack. Each projects tanked.
“It was terrible, and I used to be terrible in it,” she later told The Recent York Times.
Her debut solo album, “If Not for You,” was released in 1971, its title track a canopy of a Bob Dylan song.
After some duds in the US, Ms. Newton-John released the album “Let Me Be There” (1973), which led to a Grammy win for best female country vocal performance.
Two key changes in pop music boosted her profession that decade: the rise of “soft rock” in response to the harder genres of the late Sixties, and the mainstreaming — some would say the neutering — of country music, also epitomized by stars like John Denver and Anne Murray.
The latter trend became a difficulty in 1974, after Ms. Newton-John was chosen female vocalist of the yr by the Country Music Association over more traditional stars like Loretta Lynn and Dolly Parton. Protests led to the formation of the fleeting Association of Country Entertainers. Yet, after Ms. Newton-John recorded her “Don’t Stop Believin’,” album in Nashville in 1976, the friction eased.
The second phase of her profession, which began with “Grease,” found further success through a duet with Andy Gibb, “I Can’t Help It,” followed by an try and expand her acting profession with the 1980 musical film “Xanadu,” with Gene Kelly. While the movie floundered, its soundtrack went double-platinum, boasting hits like “Magic” (which commanded Billboard’s No. 1 spot for 4 weeks) and the title song, recorded with the Electric Light Orchestra.
A campy Broadway show based on the film opened in 2007 to some success.
Ms. Newton-John’s smash “Physical” also yielded the primary video album to hit the market, with clips for all of the album’s tracks. “Olivia Physical” won the Grammy in 1982 for video of the yr.
She was paired again with Mr. Travolta within the 1983 movie “Two of a Kind,” an try and repeat the success of “Grease.” However the film disenchanted whilst its soundtrack proved popular, especially the song “Twist of Fate.”
Ms. Newton-John was named an officer of the Order of the British Empire in 1979.
By the mid-’80s, her profession had cooled. For several years she reduce on work to take care of her daughter, Chloe Rose, whom she had together with her husband on the time, the actor Matt Lattanzi. That they had met on the set of “Xanadu” and married in 1984; they divorced in 1995.
That very same yr, she met Patrick McDermott, a cameraman whom she dated, on and off, for the subsequent nine years. In 2005, Mr. McDermott disappeared while fishing off the California coast. Three years later, a U.S. Coast Guard investigation said that the evidence suggested that Mr. McDermott had been lost at sea.
In 2008, Ms. Newton-John married Mr. Easterling, the founding father of the Amazon Herb Company.
Along with her husband, she is survived by her daughter, Chloe Rose Lattanzi; her sister, Sarah Newton-John; and her brother, Toby.
After learning she had breast cancer in 1992, Ms. Newton-John became an ardent advocate for research into the disease. Her Olivia Newton-John Foundation Fund is devoted to researching plant-based treatments for cancer, and she or he opened a cancer research and wellness facility under her name at Austin Hospital, outside Melbourne.
Despite her own treatments, she continued to release albums and tour but did not make headway on the charts. And he or she continued to act in movies and on television.
In May 2017, she disclosed that her cancer had returned and that it had metastasized to her lower back. She published a memoir, “Don’t Stop Believin,’” in 2018.
To the top Ms. Newton-John firmly believed in her audience-friendly approach to music. “It annoys me when people think since it’s business, it’s bad,” she told Rolling Stone. “It’s completely opposite. If people prefer it, that’s what it’s purported to be.”