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Senate Confirms Philip Jefferson as a Fed Governor

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Philip N. Jefferson, a school administrator and academic economist, was confirmed to the Federal Reserve’s Board of Governors on Wednesday.

Senators approved him for the job in an amazing bipartisan 91-7 vote. He’s the third of President Biden’s nominees to secure a spot on the Fed’s seven-person board: Lisa D. Cook was confirmed as a governor on Tuesday, and Lael Brainard was confirmed as vice chair last month.

Mr. Jefferson, who was most recently vice chairman for tutorial affairs at Davidson College, was born in Washington, D.C., and holds a Ph.D. in economics from the University of Virginia. He has been an economist on the Fed board, and has written about poverty and monetary policy’s effect on the labor market, amongst other topics.

The White House has also renominated Jerome H. Powell as Fed chair, though Mr. Powell remains to be awaiting a final confirmation vote. Senators said that vote was expected as soon as Thursday.

The administration’s nominee for the ultimate open Fed job — the vice chair for supervision — has yet to have a committee hearing and vote. Mr. Biden’s initial nominee for the position, Sarah Bloom Raskin, withdrew from consideration after it became clear that she wouldn’t pass the Senate. Michael S. Barr was put up for the job more recently.

If those picks are confirmed, Mr. Biden can have nominated or renominated five of the Fed’s seven governors. The Fed is independent of politics, so those appointments are the major way that the White House can shape the longer term of monetary policy, which is used to maintain inflation stable and employment high.

Governors on the Fed’s board in Washington hold constant votes on monetary policy and oversee the nation’s largest banks. They set rates of interest to guide the economy alongside 12 regional reserve bank presidents, five of whom hold a vote on monetary policy at any given time.

Mr. Jefferson and Ms. Cook are more likely to support the Fed’s current project: reining in rapid inflation. Consumer prices climbed 8.3 percent within the yr through April, data released Wednesday showed, an uncomfortably rapid pace of increase. Fed officials are raising rates on the fastest pace in many years as they fight to tamp down price pressures and produce the situation under control.

“The spike in inflation we’re seeing today threatens to heighten expectations of future inflation,” Mr. Jefferson said during his confirmation hearing. “The Federal Reserve must remain attentive to this risk and be certain that inflation declines to levels consistent with its goals.”

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