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The Senate advances a bill to bolster U.S. competitiveness with China.

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A broad bipartisan bill to bolster American competitiveness with China gained traction within the Senate on Wednesday after the highest Democrat moved to revive critical investments in manufacturing and technology that were vulnerable to being dropped after a monthslong negotiation.

In a test vote on Tuesday night, the Senate agreed to maneuver forward with probably the most politically powerful and commercially urgent piece of the measure: laws that may shower greater than $52 billion in subsidies and tax credits on corporations that construct semiconductors in america.

The 64-34 vote indicated widespread support for a yearslong effort to enact expansive industrial policy laws to counter China’s technological and manufacturing dominance. The undertaking had appeared to sputter in recent weeks as lawmakers labored to achieve agreement on the sprawling bill.

After 16 Republican senators voted in support of the measure, Senator Chuck Schumer, Democrat of Latest York and the bulk leader, restored to the laws a number of critical research and development measures that had previously been sidelined. In an unusual exercise, Mr. Schumer had said he would add the provisions provided that the bill drew 60 votes, indicating that it could survive a filibuster and move to passage within the Senate.

Now, the Senate is ready to advance a broader package that may authorize roughly $250 billion into research and development of critical technologies. Written by a Midwesterner and Latest Yorker — Mr. Schumer and Senator Todd Young, Republican of Indiana — it seeks to pay attention those investments in once-booming industrial hubs to revitalize communities hollowed out by corporate offshoring.

“This may all help America prepared the ground in developing technologies of tomorrow,” Mr. Schumer said. “After we put money into the science here, we create thousands and thousands of latest good paying jobs and assure that America will probably be the leader in these innovative issues which is able to dominate the twenty first century economy.”

The Senate could pass the laws as early as this week, and Speaker Nancy Pelosi said on Wednesday that the House could take this bill up as early as next week, praising it as “a serious victory for American families.”

Tons of of measures included in the unique bill, including a provision that may give the federal government oversight over American corporations looking to speculate in countries overseas, were dropped from the laws.

Along with the investments within the National Science Foundation and federal research and development, senators also included language that may prohibit chip corporations receiving federal funding from expanding or constructing recent manufacturing site for advanced semiconductors in “specific countries that present a national security threat to america.”

Senators also included language prohibiting federal research agency personnel from participating in foreign talent recruitment programs.

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