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TSMC to up Arizona investment to $40 billion with second semiconductor chip plant

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President Joe Biden is joining the founding father of Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co. on Tuesday to announce the opening of the corporate’s second chip plant in Arizona, raising its investment within the state from $12 billion to $40 billion.

The corporate will even announce it can be producing more technically advanced chips than originally proposed. The investment by TSMC is one in all the biggest foreign investments in U.S. history, and the most important within the state of Arizona.

Semiconductor chips are utilized in all the things from computers and smartphones to cars, microwaves and health-care devices. The Covid-19 pandemic shined a vivid light on U.S. dependence on Chinese manufacturers as lockdowns led to a worldwide shortage of the high-tech chips.

US President Joe Biden arrives to talk on rebuilding US manufacturing through the CHIPS and Science Act on the groundbreaking of the brand new Intel semiconductor manufacturing facility near Recent Albany, Ohio, on September 9, 2022.

Saul Loeb | AFP | Getty Images

Biden signed the CHIPS and Science Act into law in early August, allocating billions to lure manufacturers to supply the widely used chips domestically. The law includes $52.7 billion in loans, grants and other incentives in addition to billions more in tax credits to encourage investment in U.S. semiconductor manufacturing.

Once the TSMC plants open, they, together with existing investments, will produce enough advanced chips to fulfill the U.S. annual demand, 600,000 wafers per yr, in accordance with Ronnie Chatterji, National Economic Council acting deputy director for industrial policy who oversees CHIPS implementation.

“It’s the inspiration of our personal electronics, and likewise the longer term of quantum computing and AI,” Chatterji said. “At scale, these two [factories] could meet your entire U.S. demand for U.S. chips once they’re accomplished. That is the definition of supply chain resilience. We cannot should depend on anyone else to make the chips we’d like.”

Taiwan Semi is integral to most electronics, U.S. having a facility is important, says Wedbush's Bryson

“The passage of the CHIPS and Science Act was absolutely critical in providing the long run certainty for firms like TSMC to expand their footprint and expand their commitment to america,” said Brian Deese, director of the National Economic Council.

The goal of the laws was to spur private investment in chip manufacturing. CEOs from firms who will profit from U.S. chip production, like Apple CEO Tim Cook, Micron CEO Sanjay Mehrotra and Nvidia CEO Jensen Huang, will even be in attendance.

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“Whether it’s in electric vehicles or consumer electronics, CEOs of major firms are making decisions about their plans 18 to 24 months forward,” Deese said. “The construct out in america gives them more confidence to operate as well.”

Biden is visiting the primary plant in Phoenix which is anticipated to start producing chips by 2024. It was initially slated to supply 5 nanometer chips, but now will create 4 nanometer chips. The second plant will open in 2026 and produce 3 nanometer chips, essentially the most cutting-edge chips currently available.

The opening of the plants will further help boost Arizona’s economy which was hard hit by the pandemic. Phoenix had an unemployment rate of 6.5% in 2020 when greater than 9,000 of town’s residents filed for bankruptcy. Phoenix’s unemployment rate has since dropped to three.2%. The state’s economy grew by 6.3% in 2021, essentially the most in 16 years.

Clarification: This story was updated to reflect that the White House clarified that when open, the 2 factories, along with other investments, will produce enough chips to fulfill current annual U.S. demand.

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